"And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord : wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar."
(Genesis 10:8-10 KJV)
Sargon, King of Akkad (Accad), was celebrated in fable and song in ancient Mesopotamia, much of which has been corroborated by archeological discoveries of ancient records. He was known in fables as the founder of Babylon (Babel?) but he did unite the people of Babylonia under his rule about 2300 B.C. Because of the similarities, many scholars believe that he might have been the same person as the Biblical Nimrod (Genesis 10:8). So it is suspected that the Tower of Babel might have been the first ziggurat since Nimrod knew of God. If Babel had been completed it would have formed a terraced step pyramid of successively receding stories or levels. Ziggurats were for religion and the people used them to be closer to their gods so they could talk to them.
The typical ziggurat was square at the base, about 300 feet in each direction. Their height was usually 200 - 300 feet tall, and they were made of mud brick, mud (or clay) and straw, heated for strength. According to Genesis 11:3, the tower of Babel was a brick structure like other ziggurats. The Babylonians actually used an asphalt to glue the bricks together. There were commonly seven levels in the tower and each level would be slightly smaller than the previous one. each of the seven stages. These step-tower ziggurats were used as temples in ancient Mesopotamia. There were no rooms, but long stairways or ramps on the outside of the structure connected the levels. They were often landscaped beautifully on the terraces where water was brought up by machinery to keep it lush.
The Babylonians, and others of their religion, gave rich offerings to their gods and built splendid ziggurats. The size and splendor of a ziggurat would show the city and king’s devotion to the particular city god being worshipped. They might have temples to other gods but they would only have one ziggurat -- for the city god.
Read Genesis 11 about the Tower of Babel and the confusion of languages. And Read our website on 6/16/2015 about #2 The Tower of Babel. LWBC is a Bible believing church that tries to live Jesus Christ's commandment to "love one another as I have loved you" (John 15:12 KJV). Join us this Sunday as we learn more about Our Awesome God and how to teach others from His Holy Bible. Our church starts with small groups on Sunday at 9:30 AM and Worship Service at 10:30 AM. On Sunday evening at 6:00 PM, a Bible Study meets for an hour along with a children's program called AWANA until 7:30 PM. We love visitors!
Flo & Bill